Background reading

Over the past years, a lot of in-depth research has been done on TTIP and CETA. In order to help you find your way through all these informations we have assembled a list of some of the most important sources, which are definitely worth having a look at!

TTIP - General Information

This list contains some links with general information on TTIP.

A video on TTIP and some of the consequences the agreement would have

This video made by Attac explains the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement and some of its consequences for the people and our planet. It details the problems with TTIP in a clear and engaging way, and shows why TTIP is anything but harmless.

CETA - General Information

This list contains some links with general information on CETA.

CETA: An assault on democracy (Video 3:23, Campact, September 2014)

Short video introducing CETA, available in German and English.

“Making Sense of the CETA” (CCPA and partners, 128 pages, September 2014)

This report demonstrates in detail how the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) deal is unbalanced, favouring large multinational corporations at the expense of consumers, the environment, and the greater public interest. It is the first comprehensive analysis of the completed CETA text. Extensive analysis of the text, 128 pages. Mostly Canadian perspective. (EN)

“CETA: Trading away democracy” (CEO et. al. November 2014)

A detailed analysis by several NGOs on the investors rights that CETA would bring if finally adopted. Covers investment protection in CETA.
Full study available in EN, FR, DE. Executive summary available in 18 languages.

CETA – Analysis (GUE/NGL, December 2014)

General analysis of CETA by the left EP parliamentary group GUE/NGL.

CETA page of the EU secret deal website

This pages compiles all the CETA leaks and their analysis.

CETA publications by the Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives

A list of CCPA publications on CETA.

TiSA - General Information

This list contains links with general information on the TiSA.

What’s in the TISA and why it’s a secret? (18 minutes, Sanya Reid Smith for the Rosa Luxembourg Foundation, Sept 2014)

Great presentation by Sanya Reid Smith (Researcher and Legal Adviser, Third World Network, Geneva), introduction to the concept of services, and the link between TTIP and TiSA.

Video : What the TiSA Leaked Documents Reveal About Negotiations (12 min, TheRealNews, June 2015)

A general introduction to TiSA. PopularResistance.org co-director Kevin Zeese explains the most egregious portions of the secretly negotiated agreement.

Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) Core Text and Analysis (Owinsf, based on Wikileaks, July 2015)

WikiLeaks has previously published a large number of secret TiSA Annexes. WikiLeaks’ publication of the present core text for the first time gives the public a picture of the scale and scope of TiSA, and illustrates the overarching legal framework for previously published Annexes. The draft core text dates from April 2015, shortly after the 12th round of TiSA negotiations held from 13-17 April 2015 in Geneva, Switzerland.

From GATS to TISA – Global Trade in Services Forum, Geneva, 17 October, 2014

14 short videos interviews with critical perspective on TISA, with trade unionists from public and private sectors, government representatives, global experts and civil society representatives.

The Really Good Friends of Transnational Corporations Agreement (PSI/ OWINFS, 36 pages, September 2014)

A special report by Public Services International (PSI) and Our World is not for Sale (OWINFS) on TiSA, analyzing the different aspects of TISA and how it would interfere with governments and parliaments' right to regulate. (Available in EN, FR, DE, ES, RU).

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Investment Protection & ISDS

The following links provide information on TTIP and CETA and their investment protection provisions.

TTIP & CETA

A Report on the Flawed Proposals for Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) in TTIP and CETA (Gus Van Harten, 35 pages, April 2015)

By law professor and prominent ISDS critic Gus Van Harten. This discussion paper elaborates on five serious flaws with proposals for investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) in proposed Europe-United States and Europe-Canada trade deals known by the acronyms TTIP and CETA. The paper is written from a European perspective, considering that most European countries and the European Union have not agreed to ISDS in any past treaty with the U.S. or Canada and thus would assume much-expanded risks and constraints associated with ISDS due to TTIP or CETA.

The zombie ISDS: Rebranded as ICS, rights for corporations to sue states refuse to die (Corporate Europe Observatory et. al., March 2016)

This report examines the Commission's proposal of an "Investment Court System" as a replacement for the old ISDS mechanism, and outlines why this new proposal does not solve any of the fundamental problems of ISDS.

The right to say no. EU-Canada trade agreement threatens fracking bans (TNI, 8 pages May 2013)

Briefing explaining how ISDS CETA would grant investors the right to challenge governments’ decision to ban and regulate fracking. Available in EN, FR, ES.

Canadian corporations abuse investment treaties, bully governments into environmental backtrack: study (CCPA, August 2015)

The report documents the 55 known cases of Canadian investors using the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) system to sue foreign governments in international trade tribunals. It finds that the ISDS process has overwhelmingly been used by Canadian resource companies to dispute resource management and environmental protection measures in developing countries.

Fighting TTIP, CETA and ISDS: Lessons from Canada

Written by Maude Barlow, National Chairperson of the Council of Canadians, this report deals with the experiences Canada has made with ISDS which was included in NAFTA. The report is, as it states at the beginning, "offered as a warning to Europeans who care about the health of their people, the resilience of their communities, the fate of their public services, and the protection of their natural resources." Also available in ES, FR and DE.

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Regulatory Cooperation

The following articles, reports, letters and papers were produced by a wide range of civil society organisations involved in the campaign against the EU – US trade agreement TTIP, as well as the campaign against CETA. They give an overview of existing analysis and debates on Regulatory Cooperation in the free trade agreements.

TTIP

Statement by 170 civil society organisations on regulatory cooperation in EU-US trade talks (February 2015)

A key summary of civil society’s position on regulatory cooperation in TTIP. Available in FR, DE, GR and ES.

VIDEO: TTIP: Regulatory Cooperation – a Threat to Democracy (January 2015)

2,36 minutes video. An introduction to regulatory cooperation in TTIP. Available in FR, DE, DK.

Regulatory cooperation in TTIP: A blueprint for corporate domination? (Global Justice Now, 6 pages, October 2015)

This briefing shows that while the proposed ‘regulatory cooperation’ in TTIP may sound bureaucratic or even benevolent, it actually amounts to a ‘blueprint for corporate domination’. It also examines documented instances where the threat or possibility of TTIP is already having harmful consequences for EU regulations. “Some of the corporate lobbyists pushing for TTIP have stated that it is the ‘regulatory cooperation’ rather than ISDS that is the most important aspect of the deal to them, while some supporters of TTIP have even gone as far as to advocate sacrificing ISDS to protect regulatory cooperation.”

Regulatory cooperation in TTIP: united in deregulation (April 2015, Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO))

Two pages briefing on regulatory cooperation. What is regulatory cooperation? What do we know about it? Who are the “stakeholders” who will take part in the process? What would the consequences of regulatory cooperation be? Available in FR.

Regulatory cooperation: perhaps boring, but the TTIP storm on the horizon (BEUC, February 2015)

A blog post by the European consumer organisation Beuc. Excellent framing of regulatory cooperation: “A surreal institutionalisation of lobbying”.

Regulatory cooperation: how an EU-US trade deal risks creating a labyrinth of red tape (Friends of the Earth Europe, 8 pages, April 2015)

While it aims are reducing barriers for bussinesses, regulatory cooperation creates a labyrinth of red tape “for European decision-makers and (potentially) national governments, and would have the effect of slowing down, weakening or stopping altogether the development of legislation in areas such as consumer protection, health and safety, the environment, labour, public procurement, energy and food”.

TTIP: Regulations Handcuffed (January 2015, CEO and Lobbycontrol)

3 pages analysis of the content of the January 2015 draft EU proposal.

Who is going to pay the bill for regulatory cooperation in TTIP? (BEUC, July 2015)

A blog post by the European consumer organisation BEUC. Regulatory cooperation in TTIP is a dangerous process. It will also be very costly for taxpayers on both sides of the Atlantic, and the European Commission is underestimating this cost, says Monique Goyens.

Regulatory Cooperation in TTIP : “Where Lobbyists’ dreams come true” (June 2015, Cartoon by Finance Watch)

Understanding regulatory cooperation in financial services with a cartoon.

TTIP and regulatory cooperation: Benefits and costs in the financial services sector (SOMO, 8 pages, March 2015)

Speaking notes for the expert meeting “TTIP, Trade and Regulatory Cooperation” organised by GUE/NGL at the European Parliament, 5 March 2015

Regulatory cooperation in TTIP: conference on regulatory cooperation organised by the European Economic and Social Council (July 2015, Statement by Finance Watch)

This short statement gives an overview of the key risks and issues raised by the introduction of a regulatory cooperation mechanism in a free trade agreement such as the TTIP when it comes to financial regulation.

FROM INSTITUTIONS:

Environmental protection under TTIP (Umweltbundersamt, 7 pages, March 2015)

Report by Germany’s main environmental protection agency. “This reports presents the opportunities and risks of regulatory cooperation based on the EU proposal concerning environmental protection and show how the planned cooperation can be made more environmentally friendly.”

CETA

“CETA Regulatory Co-operation – A ‘business-friendliness test” for new regulations and human rights” (2 pages)

Short analysis of the CETA regulatory cooperation chapter. Available in EN.

AMERICAN REGULATORY PROCESS – COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS AND OIRA

The Perils of OIRA Regulatory Review – Reforms Needed to Address Rampant Delays and Secrecy (Public Citizen, 11 pages, June 2013)

This paper focuses on the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) within the Office of Management and Budget. There is strong evidence, that OIRA has taken a consistently anti-regulatory posture across both Republican and Democratic administrations. However, OIRA’s true impact, including its slow-walk of regulations is not completely understood due to a basic lack of transparency unique to OIRA.

Down The Regulatory Rabbit Hole: How Corporate Influence, Judicial Review and a Lack of Transparency Delay Crucial Rules and Harm the Public (Coalition for Sensible Safeguards, 40 pages, June 2013)

This reports contains ten practical examples of regulations meant to protect people and the environment which were blocked of delayed by the OIRA.

The OIRA Effect: Lobbyists Block Regulations Through Secretive White House Office (Propublica, August 2014)

History, opacity and case studies about OIRA.

CPR’s Eye on OIRA – Public Scrutiny for an Unnoticed Regulatory Powerhouse (CPR)

A list of recent articles on OIRA by the Center for Progressive Reform.

Cost-Benefit Analysis: Bad Numbers, Bad Decisions (CPR)

List of CPR publications on Cost-Benefit analysis. “CPR’s Member Scholars have written extensively on the many methodological and conceptual deficiencies built into the way cost-benefit analysis is applied to regulations aimed at protecting the health, safety and the environment. The distortion and over-reliance on cost-benefit analysis is just one of several problems with the way the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) exercises its control over the federal regulatory process.”

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Labour Rights & Public Service

CETA, TTIP, TiSA: All of them have important implications for labor rights and our public services. Below you find key resources on labour rights and public services in the context of the mentioned trade agreements.

TTIP

Trade Union’s positions on TTIP and CETA

Here is a (not comprehensive) list of European trade unions and their stance on TTIP and in some cases also CETA.

Interview with Saskia Sassen Diane Anderson on the impact of TTIP on labour rights (March 2015)

Saskia Sassen, Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology and chair of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University New York, and Diane Anderson of the bargaining and campaigns team at Unison, assess TTIP’s implications for jobs and employment.

Labor Rights, Manufacturing, and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (EPI, September 2013)

Article on TTIP and labour (with a strong US-perspective).

TTIP: fast track to deregulation and lower health and safety protection for EU workers (ETUI, 2015)

Text from ETUI on the possible impacts of TTIP in saftey protections for European workers.

TTIP: Trading rights for profits (Equal Times, 2014)

Written by a labour online newspaper. Available in EN, FR and ES.

PUBLIC SERVICES

Video: Trade agreements (TTIP, CETA, TiSA) and public services (War on Want, August 2015)

In this short introductory video John Hilary, Executive Director of War on Want explains the main problems and threats for public services in the context of TTIP, CETA and TiSA.

Trading away Public Services? (AK, November 2013)

Introductory presentation on Public Services in the context of different trade agreements by Oliver Prausmüller from the Austrian Chamber of Labour (English).

TISA vs. Public Services (PSI, 26 pages, April 2014)

Analysis by Public Services International (PSI) on the threat of TISA for public services.

HEALTH CARE

NHS at risk in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

Two articles on how TTIP is risking our public healthcare system and pushes for its privatisation (with a strong focus on the British healthcare system).

Article 1

Article 2

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: International Trade law, health systems and public health (January 2015)

Study by the London School of Economics (LSE). This study presents an assessment of the health impact of the proposed FTA between the United States and the European Union.

TiSA

TISA vs. Public Services (PSI, 26 pages, September 2014)

Analysis by Public Services International (PSI) on the threat of TISA for public services.

How TiSA strolls off with our services (TNI, 2pages, August 2015)

Short article by Lavinia Steinfort, focuses on trade secrets, water privatisation, general liberalisation and the cost of this agreement for the common good.

TTIP, CETA (& TiSA) - Growth & Jobs

The European Commission is claiming that TTIP would lead to economic growth and job creation. The studies the European Commission and big business use to make their argument are not only debatable but the positive economic effects seem to be very limited. The growth numbers the Commission normally present are not for one year but for 10 to 20 years. While 1% of economic growth might seem a lot in times of economic crisis, 1% over 10 years or 0,1% seems less impressive. Below you find some key resources on the question how TTIP, CETA and TiSA will affect our economies.

TTIP

Asses_TTIP: Assesing the Claimed Benefits of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership TTIP (ÖFSE, Austrian Foundation for Development Research, 2014)

This study is the most thorough examination of the pro-ttip studies. It clearly makes the point that those studies are based on questionable assumptions, ignoring adverse effects and assuming that the abolishment of regulations and standards will lead to economic growth.
A shorter article which provides the main arguments of the study above.

The Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: European disintegration, unemployment and instability (Global Development and Environment Institute, 2014)

In this alternative assessment of the economic effects of TTIP based on more realistic models it is argued that the positive effects of TTIP are not only small but on the contrary negative. All relevant factors, employment, growth and real wages would be negatively affected in the EU.

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Who benefits from a free trade deal? (Bertelsmann Foundation, 2014)

One of the main pro-TTIP studies used by the Commission and others to make their arguments.

CETA

Out of Equilibrium – The Impact of EU-Canada Free Trade on the Real Economy (Jim Stanford, 44 pages, October 2010)

Written by Unifor economist Jim Stanford and focuses on expected manufacturing job losses for Canada as a result of the deal. The paper includes a brilliant critique of the CGE model used to assess the deal’s economic impact. The flaws in CGE (e.g. assuming there is zero unemployment and that no jobs can ever be lost as a result of trade in goods between nations) provides useful speaking points for campaigners.

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Health

The following articles, reports and papers were produced by a wide range of civil society organisations involved in the campaign against the EU – US trade agreement TTIP, as well as CETA and TiSA. They give an overview of existing analysis and debates on the free trade agreements, health and access to medicines.

TTIP

How TTIP Could Damage Access to Medicines (HAI, Infographic, April 2015)

Infographic on TTIP and access to medicines : Intellectual property, clinical trial data and ISDS.

TTIP and the NHS: don’t be fooled by new BBC ‘leak’ (War on Want, February 2015)

Analysis of the EU initial services offer, and why we are right to worry about public health services.

Trading away access to medicines (revisited): How the European trade agenda continues to undermine access to medicines (HAI Europe / Oxfam, 40 pages, September 2014)

This reports looks at the EU trade agenda and its impact on access to medicine. It contains research on the EU trade policy and access to medicine in Low and Medium-income countries, as well as analysis of the impact of TTIP on access to medicine in the EU.
EU health systems which are already impacted by the high prices of new medicines and austerity measures can no longer bear huge medicines costs. TTIP could worsen this already sensitive situation.

How will TTIP affect the health of Europeans? (BEUC, September 2014)

“It is evident there are more health issues at stake for consumers in the TTIP deal than publicly known at the moment. The example of the National Health Service in the UK is only the tip of the iceberg.”

NHS at risk in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

An article on how TTIP is risiking our public healthcare system and pushes for its privatisation (with a strong focus on the British healthcare system).

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: International Trade law, health systems and public health (January 2015)

Study by the London School of Economics (LSE). This study presents an assessment of the health impact of the proposed FTA between the United States and the European Union.

CETA

“CETA and pharmaceuticals: impact of the trade agreement between Europe and Canada on the costs of prescription drugs” (Lexchin/ Gagnon, 2014)

An analysis of the effects of CETA for health and in particular health costs. Canadian focus.

TiSA

TISA: another leaked document reveals secret talks to promote health “tourism”, privatisation and to raise health costs (PSI, February 2015)

A new trade proposal is aiming to commodify health care services globally, with higher costs for governments and poorer performance for patients, to the benefit of large health corporations and insurance companies in a USD 6-trillion business.

(TTIP, CETA &) TiSA - Education

This list contains information on TTIP, CETA and TiSA and their possible effect on education.

TiSA

From GATS to TISA: New challenges for quality public education (Antoni Verger for Education International, 2015)

Short analysis on the risks that TISA pose for education quality and equality specially in the Global South.

Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) Proposal New Provisions Applicable to All Services (Associated Whistleblowing Press for Education International, 2014)

Leaked TISA document revealing that the governments of Norway, together with Colombia, New Zealand and Australia would like to see education services included in the new trade pact.

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Food & Farming

The following articles, reports and papers were produced by a wide range of civil society organisations involved in the campaign against the EU – US trade agreement TTIP. They give an overview of existing analysis and debates on Food, Farming and animal rights in TTIP and TiSA.

TTIP

How TTIP undermines food safety and animal welfare ( IATP, Center for food safety, Compassion in world farming, Gain, Friends of the Earth Europe 9 pages, February 2015)

This briefing analyses proposals for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) chapter on food safety and animal welfare published by the European Union in January 2015.

TTIP: A lose-lose deal for food and farming (CEO – July 2014)

Food is on the table at the negotiations for the EU-US trade deal the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). From a look at their lobbying demands, the agribusiness industry seems to regard the treaty as a perfect weapon to counter existing and future food regulations. However, the corporate food and agriculture agenda has not gone un-noticed. The negotiations face rough weather as more and more people on both sides of the Atlantic are understanding what we stand to lose from this agreement.

TTIP: a recipe for disaster (Compassion in world farming, CEO, Via Campesina, FoEE, Arc2020, 8 pages, December 2014)

This article is an introduction to food, farming and animal rights in TTIP. TTIP will promote an industrial model of food and farming, threatening the survival of small family farms, local food initiatives, standards for healthy and safe food, animal welfare, the environment, and public health.

10 reasons TTIP is bad for good food and farming (IATP, 4 pages briefing, May 2014)

This article details what the US food industry wants. What the industry US food industry lobbying for, and therefore what are probably the US demands? IATP is an American NGO.

Promises and Perils of the TTIP: Negotiating a Transatlantic Agricultural Market (IATP, 19 pages, October 2013)

In this paper, IATP outlines some of the concerns for healthier, more equitable and sustainable agriculture and food systems: food safety, chemical policy reforms, procurement policies and local foods and the impact of the financial service reforms.

Alternative Trade Mandate Food and Farming chapter (collective, 2 pages)

You can download the complete text ‘Trade, time for a new vision’, including the chapter about Food and Farming.

Served by TTIP (Friends of the earth Europe, around 2 pages)

A summary of the food issues and TTIP, with several food-specific graphics.

TTIP: Threatened import of “disinfected meat” edges closer ( Friends of the Earth Europe, 6 pages, March 2015)

EU and national governments have repeatedly claimed that the EU’s ‘farm-to-fork’ approach to food safety is not under threat, and that food safety standards will not be compromised by the TTIP EU-US trade deal. However, Friends of the Earth Europe believes pressure from US trade officials and the US factory farm industry is already leading to a reduction in food standards, and possibly even as a condition for the US to sign the TTIP trade treaty.

Juncker’s empty GMO offer – is TTIP already in force? (Friends of the Earth Europe, 1 page, April 2015)

Friends of the Earth Europe accused President Juncker of breaking his promise to make decision-making on GMOs more democratic and of acting as if the controversial TTIP EU-US trade deal was already in place.

The lowest common denominator (CIEL, 30 pages, 2015)

How the American and European pesticide industry is using ongoing EU-US trade negotiations to lower human health and environmental standards in order to increase trade in toxic pesticides. Comprehensive report.

TiSA

TISA and Food and Agriculture (IUF, 2 pages, 2014)

Short analyis of the possible impacts of TISA on food and agriculture by International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations (IUF).

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Environment & Climate

Here is a list of reports, publications, videos and open letters on the environment and the climate from various organisations.

TTIP

TTIP: A box of tricks for corporate climate criminals (AITEC, CEO, 8 pages, October 2015)

Briefing explains why TTIP, and especially regulatory cooperation, could put a stranglehold on our ability to create the energy transition required to tackle climate change.

Dirty hands on dirty deals. How TTIP and COP21 are being shaped by the same big business interests (CEO, 8 pages, October 2015)

What do the UN climate talks in Paris this December, “COP21”, and the ongoing EU-US trade negotiations, TTIP, have in common? Both look set to create deals that work for big business and dirty industry, but threaten people and the planet and undermine the fight for climate justice. The same profit hungry multinationals and their lobby groups pushing TTIP’s corporate power-grab are also intent on wrecking the climate. As a result, shareholders and chief executives will continue to line their pockets whilst trashing our communities and their environments.

Climate Change: What’s Trade Got to Do With it? Looking at WTO rules and climate change (IATP, 2 pages, June 2015)

The Free trade regime and climate change : looking at relocalizatin efforts, energy in TTIP and the experience of NAFTA.

Climate or TTIP make your choice! (4 pages, Winter 2014)

Briefing written for the Lima COP20. Also available in FR.

ENERGY IN TTIP

TTIP aim to lift US oil export ban goes against climate targets (July 2015)

By Sam Lowe (Trade Campaigner at Friends of the Earth)
EU push to lift restrictions on US crude oil and liquefied natural gas exports as part of controversial trade deal could explode Canada’s tar sands carbon bomb and push up carbon emissions.

Dirty deals: How trade talks threaten to undermine EU climate policies and bring tar sands to Europe (FoEE, 20 pages, 17 July 2014)

Important FoEE report on the fioul quality directive. This briefing demonstrates how corporate lobby groups are using trade threats, and particularly the EU-US trade talks as a vehicle to attack, weaken and delay important environmental regulation still in the making. The Fuel Quality Directive has already being delayed and potentially weakened threatening EU climate policies and an influx of tar sands to Europe.
Exists in FR and ES.

Green Groups: Leaked Energy Text Exposes Trade With European Union Endangers Action on Climate (May 2014)

Short summary of the analysis by Sierra Club and PowerShift (Germany) which reveals the threats of Transatlantic trade.

Webinar: Implications of leaked Energy Chapter for our Climate and Environment, with participants from Sierra Club, FOEE, EEB, PowerShift

Ilana Solomon: “In terms of climate and energy policy, TTIP takes us exactly in the wrong direction” (11 July 2014)

Introduction to the issue of energy in TTIP. “There’s been a lot of talk recently about the risks of the transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) project for Europe and its regulations. But the consequences on the other side of the Atlantic could be just as dramatic, particularly in the boost it could give to further large-scale shale oil and gas developments”. Interview with Ilana Solomon, director of the Sierra Club’s “responsible trade” programme.

Open Letter on energy in TTIP (2 pages, July 2014)

Letter from three dozen U.S. environmental organisations opposing an energy chapter or any provisions that lead to automatic exports of oil and gas in TTIP.

What will TTIP mean for food and climate? (June 2015)

This blog-post is written by FCRN (food climate research network) advisory board member Vicki Hird. Only the third part of the article deals with climate, with a focus on agriculture.

CLIMATE & ISDS

An ISDS Carve-out to Support Action on Climate Change (Gus Van Harten, 11 pages, September 2015)

Any multilateral climate agreement could be undone when government leaders attempt to implement changes back home. Thanks to the thousands of trade agreements that have been negotiated in recent decades, corporations could mount costly and crippling legal challenges to any environmental legislation that gets in the way of profit. This report formulates an innovative trade deal exemption clause. In “An ISDS carve-out to support action on climate change”, Osgoode law professor and international trade law expert Gus Van Harten suggests a safeguard that allows countries to pursue environmental and climate change policy free from the chilling effects of billion-dollar lawsuits resulting from investor-state dispute settlement provisions in trade agreements.

FAST TRACK & CLIMATE

Letter to Congress on Fast Track and Agriculture (IATP, 3 pages, February 2015)

Letter to Congress re Fast Track signed by 40 rural-based organizations pointing out how trade undermines local/rural responses to climate change.

The Customs Bill: An unacceptable barrier to climate action (CIEL, 6 pages, July 2015)

Analysis by CIEL President Carroll Muffett. Impact of Fast track on future progress on climate mitigation. Many examples, numbers and legal points.

Environmental groups urge Conferees to reject anti-climate provision in House Customs_Bill (2 pages, July 2015)

Letter signed by environmental organizations including Friends of the Earth, NRDC, LCV, and Sierra Club calling on members to reject the anti-climate language in the customs-bill (linked to fast track).

Trade and climate change policy beyond 2015 (UNCTAD, 4 pages, September 2015)

Report by the United Nation Conference on Trade and Developement. It is based on the heavily criticized idea that responding to the climate change imperative of reducing global warming should be done without undermining economic growth and social development for current and future generations. Still a good overview with interesting numbers.

RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTOR

TTIP: what does the transatlantic trade deal mean for renewable energy? (August 5, 2014)

Perspective of the renewable energy industry. “Trade partnership between the EU and US could remove barriers facing the green energy sector, but experts warn of potential dangers”.

CETA

The right to say no. EU-Canada trade agreement threatens fracking bans (TNI, 8 pages May 2013)

Briefing explaining how ISDS CETA would grant investors the right to challenge governments’ decision to ban and regulate fracking. Available in EN, FR, ES.

TTIP, (CETA & TiSA) - Chemicals

The following articles, reports, letters and papers were produced by a wide range of civil society organisations involved in the campaign against the EU – US trade agreement TTIP. They give an overview of existing analysis and debates on Chemical regulation and TTIP.

TTIP

The lowest common denominator (CIEL, 30 pages, 2015)

How the American and European pesticide industry is using ongoing EU-US trade negotiations to lower human health and environmental standards in order to increase trade in toxic pesticides. Comprehensive report.

Preempting the Public Interest – How TTIP Will Limit US States’ Public Health and Environmental Protections (CIEL, 29 pages, September 2015)

A great report by the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), it details how EU proposals for TTIP would usurp US states’ authority to regulate. These proposals would not only curtail states’ efforts to protect the public from toxic exposure, but also threaten any State regulations in the public interest that exceeds federal standards. US focused but very helpful. 2 pages summary available.

Toxic Partnership Revealed (CIEL/Climate Earth/NRDC, 5 pages, October 2014)

Analysis of the September 2014 leaked “chemicals annex”. The text closely follows the chemical industry’s agenda for TTIP to minimize regulatory differences between the US and the EU. This briefing evaluates the industry proposals.

Toward a Toxic Partnership: A critique of the EU position on chemicals under the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement with the US (ClientEarth & CIEL, 10 pages, July 2014)

In May 2014, the European Commission disclosed to the public certain elements of their vision for “regulatory cooperation” between the EU and US on industrial chemicals under TTIP. This briefing is a critique of the EU position on chemicals.

“T” for Toxic? Seven things everyone should know about the EU-US trade negotiations (aka “TTIP” or TAFTA”) and chemical regulation (CIEL, 2 pages, February 2014)

Two pages briefing introducing the dangers of TTIP for chemical regulation. Contains a link to an online action: “Tell negotiators: Don’t undermine progress on toxic chemicals!”

TTIP negotiations on the authorisation of chemical substances and their impacts on water (EurEau, 5 pages, July 2015)

A summary of the dangers of TTIP for chemical regulation and its possible impact on water.

Statement of Carroll Muffett, CIEL President & CEO, “The US-EU Free Trade Agreement: Tipping over the Regulatory Barriers” (24 pages, May 2014)

This answers six key questions from the US House of Representatives Committee on energy and commerce sub-committee on commerce, manufacturing and trade. This documents has over 4 pages of footnotes and references.

Exposed: Impact of industry lobbying – and potentially TTIP – on regulation of hormone disrupting chemicals (CHEM Trust, 1 page, June 2015)

Short blog post about two reports highlighting 2015 lobbying scandals on hormone disrupting chemicals and TTIP.

List of TTIP-related blog posts by CHEM Trust

CHEM Trust is a UK registered charity that works at European, UK and International levels to prevent man-made chemicals from causing long term damage to wildlife or humans, by ensuring that chemicals which cause such harm are substituted with safer alternatives.

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Financial Services & Financial Regulation

TTIP will not only affect trade in goods it is also meant to further de-regulate financial markets and services. In particular the European Commission is pushing to further open the access of lobbies to the regulatory agenda on finance which risks undermining existing regulations on both sides of the Atlantic – in some cases regulations that were only set up after the financial crisis of 2008. This is even more of a problem considering that the re-regulation of the financial system post-crisis is far from completed. Below you will find some key resources on TTIP,CETA and TiSA and financial regulation.

TTIP

Understanding Finance #2 – Financial services in TTIP? (Finance Watch, March 2014)

In this lengthy report from Finance Watch you will find some key arguments on TTIP and financial deregulation within TTIP. The report is available in EN, FR and DE.

TTIP Negotiations and Financial Services. Issues and Problems for Financial Services Regulation (SOMO, March 2013)

Another comprehensive report on TTIP and Financial Services by the Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO). This document provides an overview of the issues at stake and a preliminary assessment of the potential impacts of the TTIP on financial sector regulation and financial stability.

Leaked document shows EU is going for a trade deal that will weaken financial regulation (CEO/SOMO, July 2014)

Analysis of the leaked proposal of the EU for regulatory cooperation on financial regulation by Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) and Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO).

Regulatory Cooperation in TTIP : “Where Lobbyists’ dreams come true” (June 2015, Cartoon by Finance Watch)

Understanding regulatory cooperation in financial services with a cartoon.

TTIP and regulatory cooperation: Benefits and costs in the financial services sector (SOMO, 8 pages, March 2015)

Speaking notes for the expert meeting “TTIP, Trade and Regulatory Cooperation” organised by GUE/NGL at the European Parliament, 5 March 2015.

Regulatory cooperation in TTIP: conference on regulatory cooperation organised by the European Economic and Social Council (July 2015, Statement by Finance Watch)

This short statement gives an overview of the key risks and issues raised by the introduction of a regulatory cooperation mechanism in a free trade agreement such as the TTIP when it comes to financial regulation.

TiSA

Analysis of the draft TISA Annex on Financial Services (Wikileaks, 7 pages, February 2015)

The following analysis highlights just some of the dangerous provisions in the TISA Annex on Financial Services that will expose the general public again to risky activities by the financial sector. It explains how many of these TISA provisions limit what governments, legislators, regulators and supervisors can do to restrict the financial sector.

Towards an international secret agreement (TiSA) on Financial Services? (Our World is not for Sale (OWINFS), 4 pages, May 2014)

Short analysis of TiSA on financial markets and services.

TTIP, CETA & TiSA - Data Protection & Digital Rights

The following articles, reports, letters and papers were produced by a wide range of civil society organisations involved in the campaign against TTIP, CETA and TiSA. They give an overview of existing analysis and debates on digital rights, data protection and TTIP, CETA and TiSA.

TTIP

TTIP and Digital Rights: the Booklet (European Digital Rights initiative, 16 pages, June 2015)

A comprehensive overview of TTIP and digital rights : transparency, data protection, regulatory cooperation, copyright and intellectual property chapter, surveillance and encryption, net neutrality and ISDS.

EDRi’s red lines on TTIP (European Digital Rights initiative, 15 pages, January 2015)

Direct link to the PDF.
This documents gives a good overview of the dangers for digital rights posed by TTIP and gives clear red lines to parliamentarians and negotiators.

TTIP Resolution: what did the Parliament say about Digital Rights? (Edri, July 2015)

Short analysis of the TTIP resolution voted in July 2015 by the European Parliament, with a digital right focus.

Europe Releases its TTIP Proposals on Intellectual Property (EFF, January 2015)

Analysis of the EU proposal by the US based EFF (Eletronic Frontier Foundation), where we learn that the documents do not tell us much.

TTIP and digital rights (Open Rights Group, 1 page, January 2015)

One page summary of digital rights issues in TTIP.

TiSA

TISA: new leaked document reveals US corporations’ threat to privacy and data protection (PSI, May 2014)

Consumers’ protections and privacy are at risk, along with national governments’ sovereignty, at the sole benefit of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) corporations. This is what emerges from the latest leaked document of the Trade In Service Agreement (TISA) negotiations.

Briefing on US TISA proposal on E-commerce, Technology Transfer, Cross-border Data Flows and Net Neutrality (PSI, Public Citizen, 20 pages, December 2014)

A proposal by the US Trade Representative (USTR) dated 25 April 2014 to the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) negotiations has been leaked. It focuses on e-commerce, technology transfer, cross-border data flows and net neutrality.

TTIP - SMEs (Small & Medium Enterprises)

The European Commission claims that TTIP will benefit small and medium enterprises (SMEs), but the opposite is true. Only very few SMEs are engaged in transatlantic trade and TTIP entails a lot more possible negative effects for SMEs than it offers opportunities for them. Small and medium sized businesses, which are the backbones of our economies, have started to organise themselves and speak out against TTIP. Below you will find key resources on SMEs and TTIP, as well as links to initiatives from SMEs against TTIP.

Study rebutting the myth “SME benefit from TTIP” (German)

The study argues that most SMEs wont profit from TTIP but on the contrary will suffer from it. In those sectors which are most engaged in exports SMEs are underrepresented. Also companies that have trade relations with the US are less than 1% of all companies in both Germany and Austria and are most likely big corporations. SMEs are likely to suffer from TTIP. Cheap competition from transnational corporations in their markets and public procurement on the local level will harm them.

Flyer

Presentation

Articles / Statements „TTIP and SMEs“ (collected by Katharina Reuter)

Very good collection of statements country per country. Many links.

Five questions SME businesses need to ask themselves about TTIP (Feb 2014, More, available in FR and DE)

Important arguments from the Movement for Responsibility in Trade Agreements (More) along the lines of 5 major question SMEs must ask themselves.

TTIP a benefit for SMEs? EU Commission report one-sided, incomplete and misleading (June 2015, ecopreneur)

Ecopreneur.eu, the European umbrella organization of national green economy associations, is criticizing the latest EU Commission report on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) as incomplete and misleading.

Le TTIP, arme de destruction massive des PME (November 2014, in French)

Article on the negative effects of TTIP on SMEs. In French ONLY.

The secret business plan that could spell the end for SMEs (Feb 2015 – media opinion, sector-focused UK)

Article on the negative effects of TTIP for SMEs on SME-Insider a UK based news and analysis platform for SMEs.

Don’t believe the hype – TTIP is not for small companies (August 2015, CEO, Englisch and French)

Article by Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) on the difference of what big business and the European Commission say about the benefits of TTIP for SMEs in the public and behind closed doors.

Con i piedi per terra (on agricultural SMEs in Italy) – (February 2014, Fairwatch, Italian)

In Italian ONLY.

TTIP: Konzerne profitieren, der Mittelstand fällt hinten runter (in German, Attac)

Information on TTIP's impact on SMEs. In German ONLY.

A transatlantic agreement but at what cost to SMEs?

A report by Veblen Institute that looks at the potential effects of TTIP on local economies and SMEs. Excerpt: "Only 0.7% of European SMEs export to the United States and the value of exported goods and services is less than 2% of the added value produced by European SMEs as a whole. Yet despite the relative lack of importance of transatlantic trade for European SMEs, TTIP could have a seriously de-stabilising effect on them by (i) significant diverting inter European trade (which represents the bulk of the SME exporting) to the USA (ii) encouraging the importing of cheap American products and (iii) supporting large groups to enter European markets in which SMEs are strong."

CAMPAIGN MATERIALS

A Call for Resistance! From 6 Austrian SMEs – they are the initiators of the “KMU gegen ttip” project – Summer 2015

“We, the smallest, small, and midsized enterprises [of Austria], do not agree with the EU Commission’s view (promoted since the autumn of 2014) that it is above all small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) that will profit from the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). On the contrary, we are firmly convinced that these SMEs, which provide the major portion of the value added and employment in Austria, would suffer massively due to the radical opening of the domestic market to multinational corporations. More than nine tenths of Austria’s economy is not involved in transatlantic trade. Therefore, any reduction of intra-EU trade to favor trade with the USA would have serious negative impacts on the backbone of the Austrian economy. […]

KMU gegen TTIP (Summer 2015, Austria, in German)

Website of the Austrian SMEs against TTIP campaign with already more than 1000 signing companies (September 2015). In German ONLY.

KMU gegen TTIP (September2015, Germany, in German)

Website of the German SMEs against TTIP campaign with already more than 600 signing companies (September 2015). In German ONLY.

Flyer you can download and print (in German ONLY).

Local Authorities against TTIP

Across Europe local authorities speak out against TTIP. In many countries “TTIP free zones” are growing. Below you find campaign materials, for example templates for resolutions on the local level, from several European countries. See how the resistance against TTIP is growing in Europe’s local authorities from small villages to capital cities.

Materials on the French campaign:

https://www.collectifstoptafta.org/IMG/pdf/resolution2-finale.pdf
https://www.collectifstoptafta.org/collectivites/

Materials on the campaign in the UK:

http://action.globaljustice.org.uk/ea-campaign/action.retrievestaticpage.do?ea_static_page_id=4189
http://www.globaljustice.org.uk/resources/model-ttip-motion-local-authorities

Materials on the Spanish campaign:

http://noalttip.blogspot.com.es/p/blog-page_31.html
http://blogs.publico.es/econonuestra/2015/05/14/los-municipios-europeos-contra-el-ttip/

Materials on the Austrian campaign:

https://www.ttip-stoppen.at/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Liste_online-10.7.15.xlsx
https://www.ttip-stoppen.at/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/resolution_neu_gdg.pdf
https://www.ttip-stoppen.at/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Brosch%C3%BCre_Kommunen_download.pdf
https://www.ttip-stoppen.at/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Infoblatt_Gemeinderesolution.pdf

Materials on the German campaign:

http://www.attac.de/kampagnen/freihandelsfalle-ttip/aktionen/ttip-in-kommunen/